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Blue School contributed with a chapter for the publication “Ocean Literacy: Understanding the Ocean”, edited by Springer.
The chapter “Fostering Ocean-Literate Generations: The Portuguese Blue School” is authored by Raquel Costa, Bernardo Mata, Patrícia Conceição and Fernanda Silva, from the Blue School National Coordination, and Laura Guimarães from CIIMAR, one of the entities from the Scientific and Pedagogical Commission of the programme.

The international research on Ocean Literacy now counts with the formal contribution of the Portuguese Ministry of the Sea.
The Blue School Coordination thanks the entire Blue School community who is truly responsible for making it all happen.


The last two decades produced a wealth of work revealing the pressing need to increase ocean literacy in support of ocean sustainability and governance. The aim of this chapter is to present the Portuguese Blue School programme, an initiative born in response to the above need, to prepare ocean-literate citizens and support the development of the blue economy. The Blue School PT programme promotes an integrated political strategy for marine education capable of engaging all sea sectors, with the goal of improving the level of ocean literacy in the short and long term. Headed by the Ministry of Sea, the Blue School is supported by universities, governmental and non-governmental organizations, municipalities, industries and companies. Over the different sections we present an overview of the ocean literacy context underlying the creation of the Blue School, the Blue School concept and functioning and the results of its first years of implementation. This programme, fitting the objectives of the United Nations (UN) Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) 4, 14 and 17, accounts for the national strategies for sea and education and the evolving view of ocean literacy, addressing identified barriers to its implementation in schools.